America’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) which is under the management of Department of Health and Human Services, has approved OraQuick In-Home HIV Test, a home use HIV test kit. The kit is the first over-the-counter and self-administered HIV test kit that is being sold in a pharmacy. It will be used to check virus causing acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The test kit can be used to check two types of antibodies related to AIDS, virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2). Citing data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, FDA reported that about 1.2 million people in America are living with some type of HIV viruses.
The OraQuick In-Home HIV Test is used to gather oral fluid sample inside of the testers’ mouths. Testers can use the kit to swab the upper and lower gums. After getting the oral fluid, tester must put it into a vial and wait for test results for about 20 to 40 minutes. If the tester found a positive result, they must go to a clinic or a medical center to obtain better test results.
(Image: FDA, OraQuick In-Home HIV Test)